Monday, July 6, 2020

Dialect Journal for the Book The Other Wes Moore

Dialect Journal for the Book The Other Wes Moore Dialect Journal for the book The Other Wes Moore Range of page numbers to draw the quotes from: 25-62, 68-107, 108-147, 148-183 Passage Quoted Using MLA Format, With a Signal Phrase and a Page Number Analysis of the Cause and the Connections to the Course Quote 1 â€Å"Wes looked at his mother, hoping she would explain who this man was. He moved closer to his mothers hip. Not only did he feel safer there than in the middle of the room but also because the smell coming off the man was beginning to bother him†(Moore 25) The cause this passage addresses is the importance of family roles to the growth of an individual. Wes Moore feels safer in the hands of his mother. This means that family members are a source of protection and guidance. I agree with this quote since every kid tends to run to their parents for protection if feeling threatened. Quote 2 â€Å"His brother six years older, was the closest thing Wes had to care taker during the daylight hours and was fiercely protective of the little brother who idolized him†(Moore 26) The cause that this quote addresses is family roles and influences. It is clear from this quote that Wes Moore has a brother who believes in him. A brother who cares for him. This is an example of a role of the family in someones life. It is very insightful to see how the two brothers cared about each other. Quote 3 â€Å"The constantly broken down elevators forced residents to climb claustrophobic, urine-scented stairways. And the drug game was everywhere, with a gun handle protruding from the top of every tenth teenagers waistline†(Moore 27) The cause that this quote addresses is societal influences such as peers and neighbors. This quote brings out a society that has been engulfed by moral decadence and crime. This accounts for the reason as to why the other Wes Moore ended up going to prison. The society around him lured him into becoming a criminal. Quote 4 â€Å"The extreme heat in my poorly ventilated room woke me in the middle of the night† (Moore 35). The cause that this quote addresses is poverty and the sociology of ghettos. It is clear from this quote that the life that the character is leading is a life of poverty and suffering. Living in a house that does not have proper ventilation is not a kind of life that a person would love to lead. Quote 5 â€Å" The Map was leading me in directions I hadnt seen in my brief time at school, through bushes and brush that quickly turned to trees and forests†(Moore 92). The cause that this quote addresses is education/educational setting. It is clear from this quote that Wes Moore was very vigilant when it comes to school work. The story that he is communicating is that he valued the school environment. Quote 6 â€Å"Colonel Bat handed me the phone, and I dialled the only number I knew by heart. As the phone rang, I began to think about what I would say in five minutes to convince my mother to let me back home† (Moore 94). The cause that this quote addresses is family roles. It is insightful to see that the only number that Wes Moore knew by heart was the number of his mother. This is a clear indication of the strong connection that existed between Wes Moore and his mother, and also the importance of a role that his mother played in shaping his life. Quote 7 â€Å"Wes and Alicia quickly became more than friends, After school they would head to each other’s houses, since neither had parents at home during the day. Within two months, Alicia told Wes that her period was latethey were going to be parents† (Moore 99). The cause that this quote addresses is the importance of family roles. Wes Moore lacked parental guidance and supervision which was causing him to do whatever pleased him most. Eventually, they ended up messing their lives in that they ended up becoming parents at a very tender age. Quote 8 â€Å"The idea of becoming a father depressed Wes, but he wasnt sure why† (Moore 100). The cause that this quote addresses is the opportunities. This is because Wes had the choice of valuing his career more than being moral. Instead, he concentrates on Alicia what eventually leads him to messing up his future. I agree with this quote in that many times people get the chances and opportunities but they fail to use them. Quote 9 â€Å"The wooden bleachers that circled the floor were full of family, friends, and supporters of the crop of graduates, who had yet to enter the room† (Moore 108). The cause that this quote addresses is the importance of education/proper educational setting. This quote clearly shows that Wes Moore really valued school work. He was very inspired with the idea of graduating. This is very insightful in that it shows a man who is determined to have a bright future. Quote 10 â€Å"Smiles, waves, cheers, and whistles rang out. Camera flashes blinked over the parade, parents and friends shooting as wildly as paparazzi. Because his last name put him toward the front of the class† (Moore 109). The cause that this quote addresses is the importance of education/proper educational setting. Wes Moore is very glad to have made his friends and parents proud by being the best student in his class. The way he frames his sentences makes it very inspirational, especially the cheers from the people who came to see him graduate. Quote 11 â€Å"Wes went back to school immediately after leaving the juvenile detention facilitybut he knew that he would not last long (Moore 110). The cause that this quote addresses is societal influences. It is crystal-clear from this quote that the other Moore does not value education. He values being with his peers. This is the reason as to why he was pretty sure that he would not be in school for long before dropping out. Quote 12 â€Å"Wes found another option: he decided to make himself scarce. In the mornings while Nicey was at work, Wes Would play video games in the house and then head out to check on his drug operation. The cause that this quote addresses is societal influences. The other Moore is dissolved in drugs that he looks for every possible opportunity to run away from home. Knowing that the other Moore is a young man who has not yet achieved anything in life is very saddening. Quote 13 â€Å"When they got to the house. Wes went upstairs to the room that housed the bunk bed that he and Tony shared† (Moore 153). This quote addresses the cause of poverty and the sociology of ghettos. This is because the bunk bed reference means that there was limited space in the house that both Wes and his brother shared. This is a characteristic of ghetto houses where people cannot afford to pay for sufficient-quality housing. Quote 14 â€Å"Wes now sat waiting to find out how the jury of his peers had ruled† (Moore 155). The cause that this quote addresses is societal influences. In this quote peer pressure is the societal influence that is addressed. It is clear from this quote that Wes participated in a crime as a result of peer pressure that came from his friends. Quote 15 â€Å" A large guard made his way over to Wes, who slowly put his hands behind his backnever once looking behind him to see the family of the police officer or even his own family†(Moore 157). The cause that this quote addresses is family roles. Even at Wes darkest hour, his family was there to support him. This means that family is the one thing you can rely on, no matter what. Quote 16 â€Å"weeks after I completed the internship with him, I would be heading to South Africa for a Semester abroad† (Moore 162). The cause

Wednesday, July 1, 2020

Federalists and Anti-Federalists Arguments - Free Essay Example

Americas first Articles of Constitution was first signed in 1781. Before each state ran like independent countries. This lead to several lengthy debates and to the drafting of the Constitution; conflict and compromise were present during this event. But it was certain that there had to be a change. The delegates tried their best to solve their differences and to come up with what they thought would be the best for the country. However, under the Articles, when the Founding Fathers signed the Constitution in 1787, it needed the ratification from nine states before it could go into effect. This was not easy. And the push for ratification brought on a seemingly endless barrage of documents, articles, and pamphlets both supporting and opposing it. This lead to a division two groups that had their differences on which political party would be the best to govern the country. One of the organizations only wanted one central poewerful government and executive branch, they claimed under the name as the Federals. The other organization considered on something equal, and believed that to have a well functional government, every state should have their own power, instead of just a central one, and these were the Anti-federalist. After so ma ny debates, they had to come up with a resolution. Enable to resolve their conflicts, they ended up adopting a Bill of Rights. First I will discuss the point of views of the Federalist and their argument and that they thought was better for the country at the time. Next, I will discuss the Anti-federalists point p views and their arguments. Thirdly, I will compare and contrast their views, opinions and arguments, and what they did enable to resolve their differences. Lastly I will conclude this essay. The Federalists arguments and views for the country were a bit selfish, but organized. They only believed that enable for the constitution to work was for it to only be one central government. The leaders wanted a strong government, a good financial credibility, and to promote economic growth. Some of its leaders were James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Adams. There were more organized in their effort, and came up with three independent braches to protect the rights of the people because all three branches would be equal. Their view on a Bill of Rights was that I would be a dangerous move, because if the national government were to protect listed rights, what would stop the people from violating rights that were not listed, since they cannot list all of the right, they argued that no list of rights was better. The Federalists developed a new political philosophy, where they saw their most import role as defending the social gains of the Revolution. James Madison, one of the g reat Federalist leaders explained, that the Constitution was designed to be a republican remedy for the diseases most incident to republican government. In other words that one central power would be the best. Now the opposing side; the Anti-federalist. They were more on the equal side, unlike the federalist, they wanted each state to have their own power, and they believed that a Bill of Rights was indeed needed. Some of its leaders were Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams, and George Mason. They opposed the vision of the Federalists proposed Constitution, they believed that it would lead the United States to the road of political corruption. The three branches of the new central government threatened the Antifederalists traditional belief in the importance of restraining government power. The federalist wanted to create the Bill of Rights, which will contain the first 10 amendments to protect the rights of the people. Both political groups wanted the best for the Constitution and wanted to make the country economical better and for it to function at its best. But their differences are many, the Federalist wanted one central government, while the Anti-federalist wanted for each state to have a local power, instead of just one for all the states. The Anti-federalist were supported by people whom lived in rural areas, and focused in smaller rural communities dominated by farmers, while the Federalist were supported by people who lived in lager urban areas and focused in big business interests. The Federalist did not like the idea to have a list of rights, and the Anti-federalist did want to have a list of the protected rights of the people. To resolve the conflict between them, the Federalist did actually ended up participating in the drafting of the Bill of Rights, which was used for the first 10 amendments of the Constitution, they protect the individual rights and freedoms (again except of for the slaves). Ultimately, Anti-federalists influenced the document, to push for stricter checks and balances and certain limited political enable to keep the government to go down the road of corruption. In conclusion, even though the Federalist opposed at first the creation of the Bill of Rights they even up actually being part of, enable to full-fill the Anti-federalist request. The Anti-federalist may have not completely won the debate, but they did get one of their request happen. The views and arguments of both political groups were learned, compared and contrasted; one wanted one central power while the other wanted power for all, and in the end one resolution was stated and only one group won the govern of the countries, which were the Federalist, but as long as the Bill of Rights was kept.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Review of literature on economic innovation and Dell Case Study - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 9 Words: 2716 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? Introduction: Innovation is the process that renews or improves something that exists. It comes from the Latin innovationem, noun of action from innovare which relates to renewal or improvement. It is an important topic in various fields of study such as entrepreneurship, economics, business, design, technology, sociology and engineering. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Review of literature on economic innovation and Dell Case Study" essay for you Create order Generally, economists focus on the process itself which starts from the origination of an idea and then to its transformation into something and finally its implementation. Innovation is considered as the major driver of the economy. There are various factors that lead to innovation and those factors are considered to be critical to policy makers. In the organizational context, Innovation has a positive impact in terms of efficiency, productivity, quality, competitive positioning, market share, etc. These impacts thus lead to development of the organization. All organizations such as hospitals, universities, local governments can innovate. The study of Innovation extends in a variety of contexts which relates to technology, economic development, commerce, social systems, and policy construction. There has to be an occurrence of something more than the generation of a creative idea or insight for an innovation to happen. The innovation must make a genuine difference which should resul t in better or altered business processes within the organization and it should also make some positive changes in the products and services which are provided. Innovation is a management process that requires specific tools, rules, and discipline. For this emphasis is transferred from the introduction of specific useful ideas to the general organizational processes and procedures for generating and acting on such insights which leads to significant organizational improvements. Creativity is seen as the basis for innovation and Innovation is required for the successful implementation of creative ideas within an organization. Review of Literature: Innovation literature is rich in typologies and descriptions of innovation dynamics and is mostly focused on technology. There are various sources of innovation and many models have been made to demonstrate them. In the linear model of innovation, the source recognized is manufacturer innovation where an agent (person or business) innovates in order to sell the innovation (Freeman Chris, 1984). Similarly, another source of innovation is end-user innovation where an agent (person or company) develops an innovation for their own use as the existing products do not meet their needs. Innovation does not happen within the industrial supply-side, or as a result of the articulation of user demand (Hesselbein, Frances, Goldsmith and Sommerville, 2002). It happens through a complex set of processes that links many different players together which not only includes developers and users, but a wide variety of intermediary organisations such as consultancies, standards bodies and many more. T he social networks suggests that much of the innovation occurs at the boundaries of organisations and industries where the problems and needs of users and the potential of technologies can be linked together that usually challenges both (Hitcher Waldo, 2006). A real world experimentation approach increases the chances of market success when an innovative idea requires a new business model or redesigns the delivery of value to focus on the customer Innovations may be spread from the innovator to other individuals and groups when it occurs (Chakravorti Bhaskar, 2003). Failure is an obvious and inevitable part of innovation process. Most successful organizations factor in an appropriate level of risk because all organizations experience failure that many choose not to check regularly. Innovations that fail are potentially good ideas but are mostly rejected or postponed due to budgetary constraints, lack of skills or poor standards with current goals. The causes of failure of innovati on are widely researched and they can vary considerably. The main motive of an innovation is to achieve the effective goal of the organization. The organizations should state explicitly what their goals which should be understandable to everyone involved in the innovation process (Chesbrough William, 2003). The process of innovation mostly involves participation in teams which mostly refers to the behavior of individuals in and of teams. Each individual should have an allocated responsibility regarding their role in goals and actions and the payment and rewards systems that link them to goal attainment (Chakravorti Bhaskar, 2003). Finally the effective monitoring of results requires the monitoring of all goals, actions and teams involved in the innovation process. Innovation mostly implies change and it can be counter to an organizations orthodoxy. Innovation can also be measured. There are two fundamentally different types of measures for innovation that are the organizational le vel and the political level. At the organizational level, the measure of innovation relates to individuals, team-level assessments, and private companies from the smallest to the largest but at the political level, measures of innovation are more focused on a country or region (Fagerberg Jan 2004). For innovation, public awareness is an important part of the innovation process. Innovation is no longer considered just desirable for organizations it is crucial to their survival. In an era of continual and rapid change, what is needed is a culture of innovation and continuous improvement (Cabral Regis, 2003). Innovation is not limited to new products and services. It involves business processes, workplace culture, customer relationships and the opening of new markets. Innovation is important not only in products but in all activities of the organization. Ideas can come from many sources (Freeman Chris, 1984). Ideas can come from consumers who ask directly for a new product or featur e (more common in business to business) or be sparked by new product activities in other categories. People within the company also often have good suggestions. To attempt to maximize the number and quality of ideas an to get the new product development team to think laterally, companies may use different creative techniques to generate ideas. At the early stage of generating ideas even the craziest ideas should be viewed with an open mind. Case study: Dell Inc. is an American multinational information technology corporation which is based in Round Rock, Texas, United States. The corporation being the largest technological corporations in the world develops, sells and supports computers and related products and services which employs more than 96000 people. The company bears the name of its founder, Michael Dell. The company sells personal computers, servers, data storage devices, network switches, software, and computer peripherals. The company is also popular for its HDTVs, cameras, printers, MP3 players and other electronics built by other manufacturers. The company is well known for its innovations in supply chain management and electronic commerce. Dells tagline is Yours is Here which is seen at their Mall of Asia branch Pasay City, Philippines. Their Business/Corporate class represent brand where the company advertises emphasizes long life-cycles, reliability, and serviceability. Such brands include Optiplex, Vostro, N Seri es, Latitude, Precision, Power Edge; Power vault etc. Their Home Office/Consumer class emphasizes value, performance, and expandability. These brands include Inspiron, Studio, XPS, Studio XPS, Alienware Adamo. Their Peripherals class is popular in market which includes USB keydrives, LCD televisions, and printers. Dell monitors includes LCD TVs, plasma TVs and projectors for HDTV and monitors. Their service and support brands include the Dell Solution Station , Dell Support Center, Dell Business Support, Dell Everdream Desktop Management and Your Tech Team . The general policy of the company to manufacture its products close to its customers so as to minimize the delay between purchase and delivery has been really beneficial for the company in terms of goodwill. This is done by implementing a just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing approach, which minimizes inventory costs. Another signature of the Dell business model which is a critical consideration in an industry where components deprec iate very rapidly is Low inventory. The manufacturing process of the company covers assembly, software installation, functional testing, quality control and many more. Dell has proved be a great manufacturing company. It manufactures desktop machines in-house and then contracted out manufacturing of base notebooks for configuration in-house. Various innovation processes takes place in the company which proves to be efficient for the company. Dell Inc. brands its service agreements at five levels for their business customers. The first one being the Basic support which provides business-hours telephone support and next business-day on-site support/ Return-to-Base or Collect and Return Services which are based on contracts purchased at point of sale. Then is the Silver support which provides 24ÃÆ'Æ’-7 telephone support and 4-hour on-site support after telephone-based troubleshooting. The next being the Gold support which provides additional benefits over and above Silver support. The Platinum Plus support provides additional benefits to Gold Support. And the last but not the least is the two-hour on-site support. Another important is the Dells Consumer division which offers 247 phones based and online troubleshooting rather than only during business hours in certain markets. Dell has put together packages of options for each category of its customers be it small and medium-sized businesses, large businesses, government, education, and health-care- and life-sciences. There are various marketing strategies of the company which helps it to achieve its desired goals. Its marketing strategies include lowering prices at all times of the year and offering free bonus products. Another important strategy is offering free shipping in order to encourage more sales and to stave off competitors. The company has planned to expand its program to value-added resellers (VARs), giving it the official name of Dell Partner Direct and a new Website. This innovative idea would he lp the company to go a long way. Dell used to sell its products through Best Buy, Costco and Sams Club stores in the United States but then it stopped this practice because it cited low profit-margins on the business. The major competitors of the company are Apple, Hewlett-Packard (HP), Acer, Toshiba, Gateway, Sony, Asus, Lenovo, IBM, Samsung, and Sun Microsystems. Dell is a company that has pioneered the art of offering exactly the kind of machine needed and demanded. As a company that revolutionized the PC industry, Dell helps drive industry innovation through a time-tested process that puts the customer first. It is aimed at producing easy-to-use products, services and solutions that address needs. Innovation is central to Dells recently-announced Simplify IT strategy. Committed to reducing complexity and costs for its customers, Dell looks to turn their IT investment into a significant business driver. In a typical IT spends, about 70 per cent goes into maintenance, and only 30 per cent is for innovation. Dell is committed to reversing this ratio not just driving innovation within Dells own products and services, but also facilitating innovation for customers with Dell solutions. Some of the other innovations include The H2C thermal transfer unit, the solid-state disk drive, The Blu ray optical disk drive, Display port cables and connectors. Dell based his strategy on obtaining high growth with integrity and achieving market share the old-fashioned way: one customer at a time. By selling customized products directly to end customers, Dell has empowered businesses and consumers to choose the best solutions for their computing needs. Now, direct from Dell comes Dell Insight, the new industry quarterly that addresses real-world business issues and provides real world solutions. Dells research and development (RD) efforts now span the globe, driven by some of the industrys foremost product designers and engineers. At the core of Dells innovation approach, howe ver, remains an unwavering commitment to deliver new and better solutions that directly address customer needs. Many innovations begin in-house, led by a global team of top engineers, product designers and technical experts. Others begin as a team effort with Dells strategic partners. The mission is to deliver innovative and cost-effective solutions that meet todays real-life customer challenges and work seamlessly in existing environments and with other products. Innovation is not only found in the products and services we deliver, its what Dell brings out in our customers. Dell is a disciplined, process-oriented company that packages technology like no one else. Dell provided guidance and best practices to consolidate the fast-growing IT infrastructure. IT staff has more time to further business objectives. Planned use of virtualization tools within the business continuity strategy reduces disaster recovery time from days to hours.Dell showed the industry a new way to do business in personal computers. It was revolutionary at the time and created a very large, very profitable franchise in computing. The market has also been changing while Dell has been catching up. The market has been moving increasingly toward mobile computing as the new locus of innovation and activity. Apple is the only computer company that saw this locus coming and it exploited it fully by introducing the iPhone. But Dell is not found exploiting this new innovation although they have made some noises about having their own branded device. It doesnt appear that they are investing heavily in it which should be done in oder to gain more for their status in the market. It is not that there is no innovation at Dell its just that there is not nearly enough. The company has generated practical online communities which has leveraged social networks like Twitter.A one-trick pony is plenty when the trick is good enough. The trick is no longer unique in the business world. There is just no point i n rehashing the misfortunes of Dell customer service and the legendary Dell Hell that was created for customers and users. Dell has made two fairly large acquisitions which has proved to be kind of loss for the company. First is the purchase of Perot which recognizes one clear fact in the enterprise market that is the professional services are required. IBM led the way here with IBM Global Services many years ago and even exited the PC business. Dell professional services were so bad once that the customers didnt even use them when they were included at no additional charges. Perot addresses this weakness but merely follows market reality and is a somewhat lesser solution than what is already offered by the competition. Secondly, Dell also acquired EqualLogic. It doesnt bring unique capabilities or a change in positioning for Dell although a very strong player in storage area networking. Most of the systems vendors like HP, IBM, and Microsystems have storage solutions. It has built a fairly good all-in-one computer to try and match the iMac. It has also designed a cool laptop called the Adamo. But these are all changes at the margin rather than being at the level of corporate identity and positioning. Dell has to do something deep, daring, daunting and potentially delightful in order to retain its position in the market. Dell being a hardware manufacturer is narrower than H-P, IBM and Sony and Hitachi. H-P and IBM have software expertise and knows to build its own OS and software application suites for business use. Sony makes consumer electronics and owns entertainment media. Hitachi makes consumer electronics and appliances. Dell has tightly concentrated itself on making PC before branching out into services but purchasing other firms. Conclusion: The company must rely heavily on others for software before it can develop software prowess to add value to its hardware. Dell was never a technology innovator. Dell was just a PC maker that hit on a business model that worked for a time. It never adapted, never looked forward and became complacent. Dell has tightly focused itself on making PC before branching out into services but purchasing other firms. Dell had a brilliant business model to build computers at the time of order to avoid stockpiling inventory. The company worked well until other manufacturing companies discovered cheaper and more innovative methods to cut costs. There is little to differentiate these companies besides price, quality, style, service and technology. Dell unfortunately lags behind all in all of these areas. Dells new innovation strategy is not just standards but to attract business customers. The company is unveiling a new Latitude business notebook computer but its a bit different from what Dell use d to represent. Dell made a name for itself by focusing on standardized technology and the business model that allowed customers to pick and choose the extras for their own computer. Innovation was not an important word seen in Dell. Companies like HP and Sony were selling innovation back then when Dell was selling affordable PCs to the masses. Dell spurs innovation in this way which surely needs changes so as to deliver the best to their customers.

Why Is Energy Consumption So An Issue - 941 Words

Over many experiments of trial and error, in relation with the world’s energy consumption, people are trying to revolutionize how energy is used. The question is always raised, â€Å"Why is energy consumption even an issue?† The answer to that broad question would be climate change. Studies have been showing substantial evidence that climate change exists and that it will make a significant impact on Earth within the next few decades. Puneet Kollipara wrote the following: Nearly all U.S. senators agreed today on a measure affirming that climate change is real and not a hoax—including, to the surprise of many observers, Senator James Inhofe (R–OK), the man who once declared global warming a hoax. Meanwhile, although two other measures stating that humans are contributing to climate change won a majority of votes from the 99 senators present, they failed to garner the 60 votes needed to be adopted by the Senate. (Kollipara) To begin, this affirms that climate change has become a serious global issue. Since there is recognition that climate change is impacting the atmosphere, how would anyone be able to combat this issue at hand? This is where countries such as Japan and Germany occupy a significant role in finding a solution to alternative energy. Both countries have decided to reduce the amount of emission their state produces in greenhouse gases and non-environmentally friendly materials. The first key element within this study would be the independent variable, or the processShow MoreRelatedHow Organizations Can Become More Sustainable1064 Words   |  5 Pagesdemonstrates how consumption of resources can be reduced to 1/5th through a more realistic approach. For example, In Bakeries; there is high usage of energy and water and poor insulation has led to higher energy consumption and difficult working conditions. 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Energy drinks have many untested contents within the drink that aren’t testedRead MoreA Brief Note On Hydro Quebec And The Largest Electricity Company1630 Words   |  7 PagesHydropower is one of sustainable energy resources and it plays a very important role to protect our environment.The company was founded in April 14, 1994. After more than seventy years’ development, about 99 percent of electricity that Hydro-Quebec generated is by Hydropower. Hydro-Quebec’s research institute (IREQ) which is in charge of technological innovation advantages Hydro-Quebec compare with other electricity company. Why Energy consumption is Important? Energy consumption is bound tightly with ourRead MoreEcological Analysis Of Corn Stover Biofuels1603 Words   |  7 PagesState University 2016 Ecological Analysis of Corn Stover Biofuels 1.background To date, when issues related with environment, GHG(Green House Gas), sustainability are gradually concerned, increasing people are pursuing new ways to lower down the negative effect exerted by modern industry. This also attract government’s attention upon encouraging utilization and production of alternative energy and offering financial aid for some newly high-tech companies. One solution to deal with this globalRead MoreEcological Analysis Of Corn Stover Biofuels1456 Words   |  6 Pages Ecological Analysis of Corn Stover Biofuels 1.background     To date, when issues related to environment, GHG(Green House Gas), sustainability are gradually concerned, increasing people is pursuing new ways to lower down the negative effect exerted by modern industry. This also attracts government’s attention upon encouraging utilization and production of alternative energy and offering financial aid for some newly high-tech companies. One solution to deal with this global concern is finding orRead MoreEssay about Econ 545 Week 2 Assignment1305 Words   |  6 Pagesparties address Healthcare and both address Energy policy, for example. (Democrats under â€Å"Issues†, Republicans under â€Å"Our Party†.) Compare and contrast their views on two such issues. Generally speaking, how much of the disagreement is based on normative economics compared to positive economics? Give an example of loaded terminology from each site. Answer: The republican energy policy focuses on less regulation and puts the responsibility of energy independence on American business. The beliefRead MoreAlthough the concentration of activity and people within cities is frequently perceived to be the1400 Words   |  6 PagesSteemers believes that more intense land use and sharing of infrastructure such as energy, water, drainage, roads, buildings and public transport can greatly reduce the energy per capita in urban areas. He also explains that urban environments can receive huge benefits from the use of combined heat and power (CHP). CHP has the potential to deliver 55% thermal energy and 30% electrical energy by themselves. The two energies combined can typically deliver 85% or more overall. By combining the two it reducesRead MoreThe Long Term Effects Of Increasing Demand For Renewable Energy1690 Words   |  7 Pages Renewable Energy Wind, Water, Sun: Energy for the long run Prepared by Mashfik Shamir Midterm Proposal BUS 160W – An Introduction to Business Writing Queens College August 1, 2013 Professor Denise L. Miller Mashfik Shamir 8531 129 Street Richmond Hill, NY 11418 August 1, 2013 Prof. Denise Miller CUNY Queens College 65-30 Kissena Blvd. Flushing, NY 11367 Dear Prof. Miller: I am submitting this proposal to provide some information on the long term effects of increasing demand forRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects On Global Climate Change1302 Words   |  6 Pageswithout an harm, so it was not taken as a problem. Climate change is a prominent issue that has been debated on for quite a few decades. According to wikipedia, â€Å"climate change is a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.† In this essay, I am going to map out how copious amounts of energy consumption leads to climateRead MoreDynamics Of Energy Drinks For Teens1543 Words   |  7 PagesDynamics of Energy Drinks for Teens Caffeine is a substance that almost everyone is familiar with, but not everyone knows what the real risks can be if not taken in moderation. Energy drinks are one of the many drinks that often contain caffeine. The caffeine in these drinks helps people gain more energy throughout the day and keeps them alert. Energy drinks have become very popular among teens over the past couple of years because of the targeted marketing companies have made towards younger people

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Criminal Justice System Essays - 2382 Words

The criminal justice system views any crime as a crime committed against the state and places much emphasis on retribution and paying back to the community, through time, fines or community work. Historically punishment has been a very public affair, which was once a key aspect of the punishment process, through the use of the stocks, dunking chair, pillory, and hangman’s noose, although in today’s society punishment has become a lot more private (Newburn, 2007). However it has been argued that although the debt against the state has been paid, the victim of the crime has been left with no legal input to seek adequate retribution from the offender, leaving the victim perhaps feeling unsatisfied with the criminal justice process.†¦show more content†¦Braithwaite was working with offenders and victims and focusing on ways to reintegrate them back into society through restorative means instead of going through the criminal justice system and the stigmas attached to being labeled a criminal. Before Braithwaite began to develop this idea the punitive justice and penitentiary system had been formerly established since the eighteenth century, when before that informal control measures such as the church, saw communities police themselves (Sharpe, 2002). However with the creation of Thames Valley police force in seventeen ninety-eight, Britain’s first official police force, crime and punishment now become a matter of the state rather than just a community concern. This saw a change in how crime was perceived and criminals dealt with as there were now trained professionals deciding on how best to punish the offender as well as punishments becoming less corporate and more restrictive. Newburn (2007) state that there are four forms of restorative justice practices victim-offender mediation, family group conferencing as well as healing and sentencing circles and citizen panels. In nineteen-seventy the first official victim- offender mediation programme was established in Canada through a Christian sect with the purpose of aiding the healing of the victims through bringing them together with the offenders and hopefully resolving an appropriate solution. 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Relationship Between Personality And Recidivism - 1371 Words

An unavoidable facet of any population is that of a criminal element. Where there is law there will be criminals who break the law. These people are incarcerated for the safety of the public, the administration of justice and as punishment. After an inmate has served the requisite sentence for the crime which they committed their debt to society is considered paid. In some cases an offender is paroled early into a largely unaware community to serve the remainder of their sentence quietly monitored among the populace. One of the largest concerns regarding the release of a criminal is whether they will offend again, an occurrence called recidivism. Court systems and parole boards routinely use risk assessment tools to screen a criminal’s†¦show more content†¦Based on the available information they must then make a recommendation for release or retention. That decision is monumental and can have massive consequences in both the life of an offender and society. If a murd er is released and goes on to commit another murder the loss of life is in effect a failure of the system. If a different murder is released and makes a beneficial contribution to society then the system is considered justified. A Bureau of Justice Statistics 2005 study monitored 404,638 prisoners in 30 states after their release from prison. It was found that of the released inmates, 56.7 percent were rearrested by the end of the year. Roughly two-thirds of the total of those released, 67.8, were rearrested within three years. An overwhelming majority, 76.6 percent, had re-offended and again been taken into custody within five years of their 2005 release. The study also details the percentages of recidivism among offender types. Non-violent criminals comprised 82 percent of the group and violent offenders 71 percent. (National Institute of Justice, 2014) These are big numbers and highlight why caution should be heavily applied to any early release decision. Considering the high statistical averages of recidivism it is appropriate to examine whether there are factors that increase or decrease an inmate’s potentiality for

Employee Motivation Sample Introduction on Management & Motivation

Question: Describe about the Management and Motivation? Answer: Executive Summary Motivation can be defined as a series of action performed by the managers, supervisors or coworkers within an organization so as to bring out the actual potential of the work force. Motivational activities have become very much relevant in almost all organization. It has become an essential factor so as to make the employees to reach their objectives (Nohria, Groysberg and Lee, 2008). Managers in an organization should understand the importance of motivation and its impact over the employees. Through motivation managers can put a hold or control over the behavior of the employees in a positive way. A manager can certainly instill the motivation into employees and can draw the desired output from them through various motivational techniques. Managers adopts various approaches of motivation like monetary, non monetary, rewarding system, recognition etc for motivating the employees (Cruz, Prez Cantero, 2009). There are various theories of motivation highlighted in the scientific and mo dern management theories. The managers can take these theories as their guidelines and can implement it on their employees based on the work place situation and the organizational policies. Each employee within an organization will be different and varied behaviors. The managers should have the ability to understand those behaviors and should adopt appropriate motivational approaches. The managers should identify appropriate strategies for implementing these strategies. This paper discuss about the management and motivational approaches (Kimball, Nink, 2006). This paper highlights various motivational theories and its importance and relevance in the modern organization. Various motivational theories like content and process theories are explained and their differences are highlighted in this paper. Introduction Employee motivation is the amount of dynamism, assurance, ingenuity that a corporation's employees put on to their businesses. In the progressively economical professional surroundings of current years, seeking methods to inspire personnel has turn out to be an insistent worry for numerous executives. Actually, a number of diverse philosophies approaches of worker motivation have occurred, fluctuating from financial inducements to augmented participation authorization. Worker inspiration can from time to time be chiefly difficult for small companies, where the proprietor frequently has spent numerous years constructing a corporation that he/she finds it tough to delegate significant accountabilities to others. But businesspersons must be watchful of such kind of drawbacks, for the effects of low worker motivation on small businesses can be shattering (Bruce, 2006). Some of the difficulties related with apathetic labors comprise satisfaction, deteriorating confidence, and extensive dissuasion. If allowable to endure, these glitches can decrease output, remunerations, and effectiveness in a small business. In the managing process employee motivation is considered as an important part. A team of highly qualified and motivated employees is necessary for achieving objectives of an organization. It is only through motivation process, they contribute maximum for accomplishing goals. Motivation has a direct relationship with the performance of the employees. If a manager could properly motivate employees by identifying their needs then they can create good achievements. There are various ways through which the management motivates their employees (Hafiza, Shah, Jamsheed Zaman, 2011). The managers can motivate their employees both in formal and informal ways. In some organizations the managers will involve employees in decision making process, putting forward their opinions and ideas, assisting in formulating various strategies etc. These actions form the indirect form of motivating employees. Providing relevant training and development can build the confidence and the potential of the emplo yees, which can motivate them positively. It will help the employees to put their maximum effort to increase their productivity. They also adopt various theories of motivation that supports their mode of motivation (Shanks, 2006). Management And Motivation How employee is Motivated? One tactic to employee motivation has been to outlook "add-ins" to a person's work as the chief issues in refining presentation. Infinite combinations of worker aidssuch as well-being care, life insurance, earnings involvement, worker stock proprietorship strategies, workout amenities, funded mealtime procedures, child care accessibility, business cars, etc. have been used by corporations in their struggles to uphold content workers in the confidence that contented personnel are inspired staffs. Many contemporary philosophers, though, suggest that the inspiration a worker senses toward his or her work has a lesser amount of to do with measurable rewards than with the design of the occupation itself (Elding, Tobias Walker, 2006). Readings as far back as 1950 have displayed that extremely segmented and streamlined works caused in lesser worker confidence productivity. Additional significances of little worker inspiration comprise absence and great income, mutually of which are very expensive for any business. Consequently, "job enlargement" resourcefulness bring into being to crop up in chief corporations in the 1950s. In small industries, which might nonexistence the capitals to pass official worker inspiration plans, bosses can nevertheless achieve the similar rudimentary philosophies. So as to aid staffs sense like their occupations are significant and that there influences are appreciated to the business, the small corporate proprietor desires to connect the business's drive to workers (Herrera, 2002). This message must take the procedure of arguments as well as actions. Furthermore, the small industry proprietor must set high morals for workers, but too continue helpful of their hard work when goalmouths cant be stretch to. It might likewise be obliging to let workers as ample independence and elasticity as conceivable in how their works are done. Originality will be fortified if truthful errors are amended but not chastised. Lastly, the small industry proprietor must take stages to include the idea of staffs for the business with his or her own idea. This will inspire personnel to donate to the small company's objectives, in addition to aid avert inactivity in its way and persistence. Methods of Motivation: There are as numerous dissimilar approaches of inspiring workers nowadays as there are businesses functioning in the worldwide commercial setting. Still, certain plans are predominant through all governments determined to recover worker inspiration. The finest worker inspiration hard work will center on what the workers believe to be significant (Hunter, 2014). It might be that workers inside the similar subdivision of the similar association will have dissimilar instigators. Several establishments nowadays discover that suppleness in job strategy and recompense schemes has caused in workers' augmented permanency with the corporation, better output, and improved confidence. Authorization: Giving workers more accountability supervisory right upsurges their dominion of control above the jobs for which they're held answerable improved equips them to convey out those jobs (Park, 2014). Consequently, moods of hindrance ascending from being held responsible for somewhat one doesnt have the capitals to carry out are reduced. Dynamism is distracted from self-protection to better task achievement. Ingenuity Modernization: At many corporations, workers with imaginative thoughts dont prompt them to administration for fright that their contribution will be overlooked or mocked. When the authority to make in the association is pressed down from the highest to track personnel, workers who know an occupation, invention, or facility best are specified the chance to practice their thoughts to advance it (Korzynski, 2013). The influence to generate inspires workers aids the association in taking an additional flexible labor force, by means of additional astutely the involvement of its workers, snowballing the discussion of thoughts info amongst staffs sections. These developments too make a directness to alter that can give a corporation the aptitude to reply rapidly to marketplace fluctuations withstand a chief motivator benefit in the market. Learning: On the off chance that workers are given the apparatuses and the chances to finish all the more, most will tackle the test. Organizations can inspire workers to attain to all the more by focusing on interminable improvement of representative abilities. Accreditation and permitting projects for workers are an undeniably famous and powerful approach to realize development in worker learning and inspiration. Frequently, these plans progress workers' approaches in the direction of the customer the corporation, while boosting confidence (Mitchell, Holtom Lee, 2001). Subsidiary this declaration, a study of influences which effect inspiration-to-absorb create that it is openly connected to the amount to which exercise members consider that such contribution will move their work or profession usefulness. In other words, if the frame of information gained can be smeared to the effort to be accomplished, then the achievement of that information will be a valuable occasion for the worker bos s. Class Of Life Cycle: The amount of hours worked every week by American workforces is on the increase, numerous relatives have 2 grownups employed those augmented periods. Below these conditions, numerous workforces are gone speculating how to encounter the loads of their lives yonder the work. Frequently, this anxiety happens despite the fact that at work might decrease a worker's output confidence (Walls, 2007). Corporations that have introduced supple worker preparations have increased stirred workers whose output has augmented. Plans integrating flextime, shortened workweeks, or job allocation, for instance, have been efficacious in concentrating overcome workers near the work to be done and away from the strains of their secluded lives. Financial Enticement: For all the defending of other instigators, cash still inhabits a main place in the mix of instigators. The allocation of a corporation's incomes gives inducement to workforces to produce a value creation, do a value service, or develop the worth of a procedure in the corporation. What aids the corporation openly profits the worker (Hunter, 2014). Financial additional rewards are being specified to workers for making cost-savings or process-improving thoughts, to increase efficiency decrease absence. Money is in effect when it is openly knotted to a worker's thoughts or activities. Nonetheless, if not joined with additional, non- financial instigators, its inspiring effects are brief. Additional, fiscal enticements can ascertain counter- prolific if not prepared accessible to all associates of the association. Additional Inducements: Research after research has establish that the most real instigators of workforces are non- financial. Financial schemes are inadequate persuaders, partly as prospects frequently surpass consequences since difference amid paid persons might split somewhat than bond workers. Confirmed non- financial confident instigators nurture squad inner self comprise credit, accountability, progression (Bruce, 2006). Bosses who identify the "small wins" of staffs, indorse participating surroundings, and pleasure staffs with justice and admiration will discover their workers to be more extremely interested. One corporation's bosses devised to come up with 30 influential rewards that cost little or nil to implement. The maximum operative rewards, for example letters of praise and time off from work, improved individual contentment and self-esteem. Over the lengthier term, genuine admiration individual signs are far new real more inexpensive than prizes of cash only (Herrera, 2002). At long last, a platform that syndicates fiscal reward schemes contents inherent, self- objectifying wants might be the maximum strong worker instigator. Inspiration in place of work can make anticipated production from the workforces. Bosses can professionally impart inspiration into workers over some well-organized approaches like training. Coaching is the training session conducted for the employees to develop their technical knowledge, interpersonal skills, personality etc. This session will provide them with confidence and will bring out their efficiency to perform a particular task in a better way. This can motivate the employees in a positive way. Coaching can be provided to employees on the job as well as off the job. A manager can select the method of coaching depending on the nature of work and the behavior of the employees (Ledgerwood Petry, 2006). While considering the theories of motivation there are three types of motivation which includes content theory of motivation, process theory and reinforcement theory of motivation. Content theory highlights which factors motivates the employees in a work place. Process theory highlights why an employee should be motivated and how they should be motivated. The reinforcement theory highlights how the outcome of a process influences the behavior of the employees (Dembo, Seli, 2007).). Some theories which under pins these concepts are mentioned below: Content Theory This theory is associated with identifying various factors that can motivate the employees. The theories which comes under this is: Maslows Hierarchy of needs According to his theory of needs when the lower level need of an employee is satisfied then his need for higher level rises. His hierarchical pyramid of needs includes physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, esteem needs and self-actualization needs. Once a manager is successful in fulfilling those needs he or she will be motivated (Gagn Deci, 2005). Alderfers ERG Theory This theory explains existence, relatedness and growth needs of the employees. Existence explains the willingness of an employee for physiological well-being. Relatedness is his desire to get satisfied in his interpersonal relationship. Growth explains career and personal growth and development (Griffin, Moorhead, 2011). Herzbergs two factor Theory According to this theory there are two factors that can motivate or de-motivate the workers in a work place. They are satisfiers or motivators and dis-satisfiers or hygiene factors respectively. Motivators include achievement, recognition, work itself, responsibility, advancement and growth. Hygiene factors include company policy, supervision, and good relationship with boss and peers, working condition and salary (Jones, Lloyd, 2005). McClellands three-need theory This theory explains the need for achievement of personal goals, need for competence to deliver timely and quality work. It also explains the power of an employee to influence others and affiliation to relate people efficiently (Latham, Pinder, 2005). Process Theory Adams equity Theory Adams theory of job motivation explains that there are several variable factors, which can influence the assessment and perception of the employees about their job and their employers. According to this theory a fair balance should be maintained between the employee input and the output. The employee input includes hard work, skill level, tolerance, enthusiasm etc and an employee's output includes salary, benefits, recognition etc (Falk, Fischbacher, 2006). Reinforcement Theory According to this theory an individuals behavior is considered as a function of its consequences. It explains that the positive consequences of a particular behavior will tend an employee to repeat it and negative consequences will tend an employee to not to repeat it. Here the manager can have a control over the employee behavior through the adopting the methods like positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment, extinction etc (Yang, XU. WANG, ZHAO, 2005). Goal-Setting Theory This theory explains that if a specific task or goal is allocated to the employee and if they are well aware of their objectives and responsibilities then they will be motivated to do work. The vagueness and uncertainty in the goal may affect their performance and hence gets de-motivated. Challenging goals with adequate support and feedback can make the employee to contribute higher performance (Locke, Latham, 2006). Vrooms Expectancy Theory According to this theory an employee is influenced by several factors when he is accomplishing several tasks. Those factors include probability of completing those tasks and the output of the task. The employee opinion can be influenced by the factors like expectancy, valence and instrumentality (Lunenburg, 2011). When comparing the various theories of motivations which underpin content theory and process theory it can be concluded that the content theory explains various factors that motivates employees and process theory explains how and why an employee should be motivated. John Holland theory of personality and job fit is another theory of motivating the employees at workplace. According to his theory of personality traits and job fit the personality of the employees can be categorized into six. All employees fall under any one of this category and chooses careers according to it (Korzynski, 2013). The managers can assess these personality traits through several career key tests and can select employees according to the organizational needs. The personality traits explained by Holland are Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. Realistic employees are so practical and have good working skills with tools. Investigative employees are more precise, scientific and intellectual. They possess good problem solving and decision making skills. Artistic employees are more creative and are more expressive and independent. Social employees are more helping minded and will love to work in a team. They are trust worthy and friendly. Enterprising employees are ambitious, energetic etc. They possess good leadership skills. Conventional employees are goal oriented. Managers can also use these personality traits to motivate them. On the theoretical obverse, Turner Lawrence recommended that therere 3 elementary features of an "inspiring" job: 1. It need to let an employee to sense individually accountable for an expressive share of the effort accomplished. An operative need to sense possession of and linking with the effort he or she does. Though in-group circumstances, a fruitful struggle will substitute a consciousness in a separate that his or her aids were vital in achieving the group's accountabilities. 2. It need to deliver consequences which have inherent sense to the person. Actual effort that doesnt clue an employee to sense that his or her labors trouble will not be upheld. The consequence of a worker's effort should consume worth to himself or herself and to additional people in the association. 3. It should deliver the worker with response about his/ her activities. A positive, credible analysis of the effort executed is vital to an employee's inspiration to advance. Though vocabulary variations, the creeds of worker incentive continue comparatively unaffected from conclusions over half a century before (Park, 2014). Nowadays catchwords comprise "authorization," "excellence spheres," and "cooperation." Altogether of these standings prove the 3 features of inspiring occupations usual out in the philosophy of Turner Lawrence. Authorization offers individuality lets an operative to take possession of thoughts actions, whether performing only or in squads. Excellence spheres the cumulative incidence of squads in nowadays effort surroundings offer staffs chances to emphasize the significance of the effort talented by memberships in addition to obtain response on the effectiveness of that effort. Performance monitoring source distribution procedures: Reasonable, dependable see-through procedures for presentation managing and resource allocation aid to encounter publics drive to guard. RBS, for example, has functioned firm to create its judgment procedures very perfect. Workers might differ with a specific consequence, for example the nixing of a pet project, but then again theyre capable to comprehend the basis behindhand the choice. Cross-business unit squads that create conclusions by means of pure standards, for example the influence on corporation monetary presentation, study novel technology activities at RBS. In reviews, workers boom that the procedure is reasonable and that subsidy standards are see-through. Though RBS is a challenging association, staffs also understand it as an impartial one. Conclusion Even though workers seek to diverse fundamentals of their association to please dissimilar drives, they presume their bosses to do their finest to talk all four inside the restraints that the organization levies. The reviews indicate that if workers noticed that a boss was considerably poorer than her aristocrats in satisfying even just one drive, they valued that administrator below par, even if the business altogether had important limits (Mitchell, Holtom Lee, 2001). Staffs are certainly very reasonable about winning a big-picture outlook and seeing a administrator in the setting of a bigger organization, but they do certain appealing fine-grained assessment yonder those administrative warnings. In brief, they are truthful about what administrators cant do, but too about what administrators must be competent to do in gathering all the rudimentary wants of their underlings. At the monetary amenities firm we learnt, for instance, one executive outpaced his aristocrats on satisfying juniors efforts to obtain, link, understand. Though, his assistants specified that his capability to encounter their effort to protect be under the usual of other executives in the corporation (Herrera, 2002). Therefore, heights of effort commitment and administrative guarantee were inferior in-group than in the business altogether. In spite of this administrators bigger capability to bear out three of the four drives, his comparative flaw on the one aspect spoiled the whole motivational shape of his group. From this paper it is evident that the process of motivation can make the working atmosphere smooth and happier. Such atmosphere can increase the productivity of the organization. Proper definition and description of the concept of motivation is described in this paper. The importance of the managers to adhere with the concept of motivation is also described clearly. This paper has developed a map on the various motivational theories that has been proposed in the management papers (Walls, 2007). The concept and relevance of these theories are explained in this paper. Through this paper it has been concluded that managers can instill motivation into the employees. Managers can motivate employees through various approaches like coaching, training and development, role modeling, mentoring, monitoring etc. The approach of coaching is highlighted in this paper. Various theories like two-factor theory; Maslows theory, ERG theory, vrooms theory etc are explained in this paper. The differenc e between process theory and content theory is highlighted. The theory of John Holland that explains the personality traits and job fitness are explained here. The content theories and process theories of motivation are explained in this paper and their differences are highlighted. References Bassett-Jones, N., Lloyd, G. C. (2005). Does Herzberg's motivation theory have staying power?. Journal of Management Development, 24(10), 929-943. Bruce, A. (2006).How to motivate every employee. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Dembo, M. H., Seli, H. (2007), Motivation and learning strategies for college success: A self-management approach. Routledge. 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